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Ch 24: The Second Law of ThermodynamicsWorksheetSee all chapters

# Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

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Sections
Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Heat Engines & PV Diagrams
The Otto Cycle
The Carnot Cycle
Refrigerators
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Entropy Equations for Special Processes
Statistical Interpretation of Entropy

Concept #1: Intro to Entropy

Practice: 3 moles of an ideal gas are compressed isothermally at 20°C. During this compression, 1850 J of work is done on the gas. What is the change of entropy of the gas?

Practice: You have a block of ice at 0°C. Heat is added to the ice, causing an increase in entropy of 120J/K. How much ice melts into water in this process?

Example #1: Entropy Increase When Braking

Concept #2: Calculating Entropy Changes for Systems of Objects

Practice: A non-Carnot heat engine operates between a hot reservoir at 610K and a cold reservoir at 320K. In a cycle, it takes in 6400 J of heat and does 2200 J of work. What is the total change in entropy of the universe over the cycle?

Example #2: Entropy of Carnot Engine