|Ch. 1 - A Review of General Chemistry||4hrs & 48mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 2 - Molecular Representations||1hr & 12mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 3 - Acids and Bases||2hrs & 45mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 4 - Alkanes and Cycloalkanes||4hrs & 19mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 5 - Chirality||3hrs & 33mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 6 - Thermodynamics and Kinetics||1hr & 19mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 7 - Substitution Reactions||1hr & 46mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 8 - Elimination Reactions||2hrs & 25mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 9 - Alkenes and Alkynes||2hrs & 10mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 10 - Addition Reactions||3hrs & 32mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 11 - Radical Reactions||1hr & 55mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 12 - Alcohols, Ethers, Epoxides and Thiols||2hrs & 42mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 13 - Alcohols and Carbonyl Compounds||2hrs & 14mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 14 - Synthetic Techniques||1hr & 28mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 15 - Analytical Techniques: IR, NMR, Mass Spect||7hrs & 20mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 16 - Conjugated Systems||5hrs & 49mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 17 - Aromaticity||2hrs & 24mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 18 - Reactions of Aromatics: EAS and Beyond||4hrs & 31mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 19 - Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition||4hrs & 54mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 20 - Carboxylic Acid Derivatives: NAS||2hrs & 3mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 21 - Enolate Chemistry: Reactions at the Alpha-Carbon||1hr & 56mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 22 - Condensation Chemistry||2hrs & 13mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 23 - Amines||1hr & 43mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 24 - Carbohydrates||5hrs & 56mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 25 - Phenols||15mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 26 - Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins||2hrs & 54mins||0% complete|
|Ch. 26 - Transition Metals||5hrs & 33mins||0% complete|
|IUPAC Naming||30 mins||0 completed|
|Alkyl Groups||13 mins||0 completed|
|Naming Cycloalkanes||9 mins||0 completed|
|Naming Bicyclic Compounds||10 mins||0 completed|
|Naming Alkyl Halides||8 mins||0 completed|
|Naming Alkenes||4 mins||0 completed|
|Naming Alcohols||8 mins||0 completed|
|Naming Amines||15 mins||0 completed|
|Cis vs Trans||22 mins||0 completed|
|Conformational Isomers||13 mins||0 completed|
|Newman Projections||14 mins||0 completed|
|Drawing Newman Projections||15 mins||0 completed|
|Barrier To Rotation||9 mins||0 completed|
|Ring Strain||10 mins||0 completed|
|Axial vs Equatorial||8 mins||0 completed|
|Cis vs Trans Conformations||3 mins||0 completed|
|Equatorial Preference||14 mins||0 completed|
|Chair Flip||9 mins||0 completed|
|Calculating Energy Difference Between Chair Conformations||18 mins||0 completed|
|A-Values||19 mins||0 completed|
|Decalin||7 mins||0 completed|
|t-Butyl, sec-Butyl, isobutyl, n-butyl|
Before we can really understand chair conformations, we have to practice drawing them! These tricky little suckers can be hard to get right.
Concept #1: How to draw chairs.
Now that we understand the positions of cyclohexane, I'm actually going to take like five minutes just to teach you how to draw it. I know that sounds kind of juvenile, but once again, there are so many people that struggle to draw this weird shape that it's not even worth it not to go over it. We should just go over it once, make sure that you have at least one solid way how to draw it and then we'll move on from there.
So how to draw cyclohexane. I've actually seen a lot of different explanations in different books, the easiest one that I've found is this. I always just draw two slightly angled parallel lines like that. Then all I do is I cap off both ends. What that means is I use an up cap for the down one and I use a down cap for the bottom one. That one actually came out really nice. You would think I'm like a pro. Well, I kind of am, but they usually come out not that nice.
That's how to draw a cyclohexane. And then obviously if you want to draw the other one, you should be able to draw both. You would draw the slightly parallel lines the other way and then you'd cap them the other way. That one came out okay too. These are totally legit – like this would totally work in a test. I'm sure that some of you girls can draw this way nicer than I can, but whatever. I'm just saying this works.
How did you do?
It's ok if you didn't draw it beautifully the first time - practice makes perfect!
Concept #2: How to distinguish cis from trans.
What I want to teach you guys is how to determine cis and trans. Cis and trans is not based on whether your positions are axial or equatorial. That's one of the biggest misconceptions in this chapter. A lot of students say, “Oh, but they're both equatorial so that means that they should be cis. Or one is equatorial and one is axial, so they should be trans.” Wrong. That's not how you decide it at all.
Cis and trans is actually going to be based on whether the groups are facing the same face of the ring. What I mean by face is just top or bottom. What that means is that I'm not going to be looking at positions. I'm going to be looking at direction.
Cis or trans is based on whether the groups are facing the same face (top or bottom) of the ring.
Example #1: Is the following cyclohexane cis or trans?
Example #2: Is the following cyclohexane cis or trans?
Not too bad, right? It's as easy as it sounds! Let's move on.
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