Clutch Prep is now a part of Pearson
All Chapters
Ch.1 Matter and Measurements
Ch.2 Atoms and the Periodic Table
Ch.3 Ionic Compounds
Ch.4 Molecular Compounds
Ch.5 Classification & Balancing of Chemical Reactions
Ch.6 Chemical Reactions & Quantities
Ch.7 Energy, Rate and Equilibrium
Ch.8 Gases, Liquids and Solids
Ch.9 Solutions
Ch.10 Acids and Bases
Ch.11 Nuclear Chemistry
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Solubility and Intermolecular Forces
Solutions: Mass Percent
Percent Concentrations
Parts per Million (ppm)
Solubility: Temperature Effect
Intro to Henry's Law
Henry's Law Calculations
Solution Stoichiometry
Electrolytes (Simplified)
The Colligative Properties
Boiling Point Elevation
Freezing Point Depression
Osmotic Pressure

The Colligative Properties explain what happens to a pure solvent as it transitions to a solution. 

The 4 Colligative Properties

The 4 Colligative Properties help to explain what happens to a pure solvent as solute is added to it.  

Concept #1: The 4 Colligative Properties

Some Colligative Properties will increase and others will decrease with the addition of solute to a pure solvent.

Example #1: Pure benzene, C6H6, has a boiling point of 80.1ºC. What is a possible new boiling point once an unknown amount of glucose is added to the benzene solvent?

Concept #2: Van't Hoff Factor

Example #2: Which of the following compounds will have the largest value for the Van’t Hoff factor?

Concept #3: Solute Amount

Example #3: What is the ionic molality of potassium ions in 1.18 m solution of K3PO4?

Practice: Which of the following compounds will have the highest boiling point?

Practice: Which of the following compound will have the highest vapor pressure?