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# Ions (Simplified)

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Sections
The Atom (Simplified)
Subatomic Particles (Simplified)
Isotopes
Ions (Simplified)
Atomic Mass (Simplified)
Atomic Mass (Conceptual)
Periodic Table: Element Symbols
Periodic Table: Classifications
Periodic Table: Group Names
Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals
Periodic Table: Elemental Forms (Simplified)
Periodic Table: Phases (Simplified)
Law of Definite Proportions
Atomic Theory
Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment
Wavelength and Frequency (Simplified)
Electromagnetic Spectrum (Simplified)
Bohr Model (Simplified)
Emission Spectrum (Simplified)
Electronic Structure
Electronic Structure: Shells
Electronic Structure: Subshells
Electronic Structure: Orbitals
Electronic Structure: Electron Spin
Electronic Structure: Number of Electrons
The Electron Configuration (Simplified)
Electron Arrangements
The Electron Configuration: Condensed
The Electron Configuration: Exceptions (Simplified)
Ions and the Octet Rule
Ions and the Octet Rule (Simplified)
Valence Electrons of Elements (Simplified)
Lewis Dot Symbols (Simplified)
Periodic Trend: Metallic Character

Ions represent elements that possess either a positive charge or a negative charge.

###### Ions and Stable Electron Arrangements

Concept #1: Ions

A positively charged ion is called a cation and a negatively charged ion is called an anion.

Concept #2: Ion Formation

Ions are formed from either the loss or gain of electrons by a neutral element.

Example #1: Determine the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons for the following cation 2713Al+3.

Practice: Give the correct number of protons, neutrons and electrons for the following isotope: .

Practice: In which pair are the two species both isoelectronic and isotopic?

Practice: One isotope of a metallic element has a mass number of 65 and 35 neutrons in the nucleus. The cation that this atom forms has 28 electrons. What is the symbol of the cation?

Practice: Which of the following is the symbol for the ion with a +4 charge, 30 neutrons and 21 electrons?

Practice: Fill in the gaps for the following table.