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Ch.10 Acids and BasesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 Matter and Measurements
Ch.2 Atoms and the Periodic Table
Ch.3 Ionic Compounds
Ch.4 Molecular Compounds
Ch.5 Classification & Balancing of Chemical Reactions
Ch.6 Chemical Reactions & Quantities
Ch.7 Energy, Rate and Equilibrium
Ch.8 Gases, Liquids and Solids
Ch.9 Solutions
Ch.10 Acids and Bases
Ch.11 Nuclear Chemistry
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

This topic is found in a chapter outside your textbook.

Ch.10 Acids and Bases
Sections
Acid-Base Introduction
Arrhenius Acid and Base
Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base
Acid and Base Strength
The pH Scale
Auto-Ionization
pH of Strong Acids & Bases
Acid-Base Reactions
Buffers
Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations (Simplified)

Acids are covalent compounds with H+ ion connected to a nonmetal anion or polyatomic ion. Bases are ionic compounds with metal cation connected to OH- anion, although can also be N containing covalent compounds.

Intro to Acids and Bases

Concept #1: Intro to Acids

Example #1: Which of the following does not represent the possible structure of an acid?

a) HBr                     b) HIO3                    c) CH4                       d) HOCl 

Concept #2: Characteristics of Acids

Acids have distinct characteristics such as, they ionize when placed in water, have a sour taste, react with metals to form H2 gas, and turn blue litmus paper red.

Example #2: H2SO4 is added to large container of water. How is the solution different from the original water?

Practice: Which of the following compounds would produce the greatest concentration of hydrogen ions when dissolved?

Concept #3: Intro to Bases

Example #3: Which of the following represents the possible structure of a base?

a) C(OH)4                    b) NaCl                       c) KOH                       d) HC2H3O2

Concept #4: Characteristics of Bases

Bases also have some distinct characteristics, they ionize when placed in water, have a bitter taste and slippery to the touch, and turn red litmus paper blue.

Example #4: Which of the following is a characteristic of a strong base?

Practice: Which of the following is true in regards to LiOH?