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Chemistry Introductory Chemistry
Introductory Chemistry

Introductory Chemistry Tro • 6th Edition •

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Ch.1 - The Chemical World

Ch.2 - Measurement and Problem Solving

Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.3 - Matter and Energy

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Temperature Law of Conservation of Mass Nature of Energy Kinetic & Potential Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Heat Capacity Thermal Equilibrium

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Atoms and Elements

The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Atomic Theory Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment

Ch.5 - Molecules and Compounds

Law of Definite Proportions Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Polyatomic Ions Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Naming Acids Naming Molecular Compounds

Ch.6 - Chemical Composition

Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Mass Percent

Ch.7 - Chemical Reactions

Law of Conservation of Mass Balancing Chemical Equations Solubility Rules Electrolytes Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Complete Ionic Equations

Ch.8 - Quantities in Chemical Reactions

Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Thermochemical Equations

Ch.9 - Electrons in Atoms and The Periodic Table

Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum Photoelectric Effect Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Electronegativity Periodic Trend: Effective Nuclear Charge Periodic Trend: Cumulative

BONUS: Chemistry of the Nonmetals

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family DRAFT Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.10 - Chemical Bonding

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory Electron Geometry Molecular Geometry Bond Angles Molecular Polarity

Ch.11 - Gases

Pressure Units The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law Mole Fraction Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Gas Stoichiometry Standard Temperature and Pressure Kinetic Energy of Gases Kinetic Molecular Theory

Ch.12 - Liquids, Solids and Intermolecular Forces

Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Heating and Cooling Curves Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids

Ch.13 - Solutions

Solutions Molarity Osmolarity Dilutions Solution Stoichiometry Solutions: Solubility and Intermolecular Forces Molality Parts per Million (ppm) Mole Fraction Solutions: Mass Percent Types of Aqueous Solutions Intro to Henry's Law The Colligative Properties Boiling Point Elevation Freezing Point Depression Osmosis

Ch.14 - Acids and Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Polyprotic Acid Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations

Ch.15 - Chemical Equilibrium

Intro to Chemical Kinetics Energy Diagrams Catalyst Factors Influencing Rates Collision Theory Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions Le Chatelier's Principle Ksp

Ch.16 - Oxidation and Reduction

Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions Activity Series Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.17 - Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay First Order Half Life

Ch.18 - Organic Chemistry

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

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