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Chemistry General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications
General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications

General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications Petrucci • 11th Edition • 978-0132931281

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Ch.1 - Matter: Its Properties and Measurement

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Temperature Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Atoms & the Atomic Theory

The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept Law of Conservation of Mass Law of Definite Proportions Atomic Theory Law of Multiple Proportions Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment

Ch.3 - Chemical Compounds

Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Combustion Analysis Combustion Apparatus Polyatomic Ions Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Naming Acids Naming Molecular Compounds

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Chemical Reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations Stoichiometry Solutions Molarity Osmolarity Dilutions Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Mass Percent Functional Groups in Chemistry

Ch.5 - Introduction to Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Solubility Rules Electrolytes Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Solution Stoichiometry Complete Ionic Equations Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions Activity Series

Ch.6 - Gases

Pressure Units The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law Mole Fraction Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Gas Stoichiometry Standard Temperature and Pressure Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Energy of Gases Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution Velocity Distributions Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation

Ch.7 - Thermochemistry

Nature of Energy Kinetic & Potential Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Heat Capacity Constant-Pressure Calorimetry Constant-Volume Calorimetry Thermal Equilibrium Formation Equations Enthalpy of Formation Hess's Law

Ch.8 - Electrons in Atoms

Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons Quantum Numbers: Nodes The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements

Ch.9 - The Periodic Table and Some Atomic Properties

Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Electronegativity Periodic Trend: Effective Nuclear Charge Periodic Trend: Cumulative Atomic Radius (IGNORE)

Ch.10 - Chemical Bonding I: Basic Concepts

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Bond Energy Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory Equatorial and Axial Positions Electron Geometry Molecular Geometry Bond Angles Coulomb's Law Lattice Energy Born Haber Cycle

Ch.11 - Chemical Bonding II: Valence Bond & Molecular Orbital Theories

Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory MO Theory: Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Bond Order

Ch.12 - Intermolecular Forces: Liquids & Solids

Molecular Polarity Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Phase Diagrams Heating and Cooling Curves Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids Crystalline Solids Simple Cubic Unit Cell Body Centered Cubic Unit Cell Face Centered Cubic Unit Cell

Ch.13 - Spontaneous Change: Entropy and Gibbs Energy

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.14- Solutions and Their Physical Properties

Solutions: Solubility and Intermolecular Forces Molality Parts per Million (ppm) Mole Fraction Solutions: Mass Percent Types of Aqueous Solutions Intro to Henry's Law Henry's Law Calculations The Colligative Properties Boiling Point Elevation Freezing Point Depression Osmosis Osmotic Pressure Vapor Pressure Lowering (Raoult's Law)

Ch.15 - Principles of Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.16 - Acids and Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Ionic Salts Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid

Ch.17 - Additional Aspects of Acid Base Equilibria

Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids

Ch.18 - Solubility & Complex-Ion Equilibria

Ksp

Ch.19 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.20 - Chemical Kinetics

Intro to Chemical Kinetics Energy Diagrams Catalyst Factors Influencing Rates Average Rate of Reaction Stoichiometric Rate Calculations Instantaneous Rate Collision Theory Arrhenius Equation Rate Law Reaction Mechanism Integrated Rate Law Half-Life

Ch.21 - Chemistry of the Main-Group Elements I: Groups 1, 2, 13, and 14

Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family

Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Main-Group Elements II: Groups 18, 17, 16, 15, and Hydrogen

Hydrogen Atom Carbon Family DRAFT Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.23 - The Transition Elements

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties

Ch.24 - Complex Ions and Coordination Compounds

Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.25 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

Ch.26 - Structure of Organic Compounds

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Functional Groups

Ch.27 - Reactions of Organic Compounds

Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

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