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Chemistry

Chemistry OpenStax • 2nd Edition • 978-1938168390

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Ch.1 - Essential Ideas

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Temperature Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Atoms, Molecules and Ions

Law of Conservation of Mass Law of Definite Proportions Atomic Theory Law of Multiple Proportions Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Polyatomic Ions Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Naming Acids Naming Molecular Compounds

Ch.3 - Composition of Substances and Solutions

Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Solutions Molarity Osmolarity Mass Percent

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Stoichiometry of Chemical Reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Complete Ionic Equations Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Solution Stoichiometry Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions

Ch.5 - Thermochemistry

Nature of Energy Kinetic & Potential Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Heat Capacity Constant-Pressure Calorimetry Constant-Volume Calorimetry Thermal Equilibrium Formation Equations Enthalpy of Formation Hess's Law

Ch.6 - Electronic Structure and Periodic Properties of Elements

Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons Quantum Numbers: Nodes The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements Atomic Radius (IGNORE) Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Electronegativity Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Periodic Trend: Cumulative

Ch.7 - Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Lattice Energy Born Haber Cycle Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Bond Energy Electron Geometry Molecular Geometry Coulomb's Law Molecular Polarity

Ch.8 - Advanced Theories of Covalent Bonding

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory Equatorial and Axial Positions Bond Angles Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory MO Theory: Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Bond Order

Ch.9 - Gases

Pressure Units Mole Fraction Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Standard Temperature and Pressure Gas Stoichiometry Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Velocity Distributions Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation Kinetic Energy of Gases Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution

Ch.10 - Liquids and Solids

Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Phase Diagrams Heating and Cooling Curves Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids Crystalline Solids Simple Cubic Unit Cell Body Centered Cubic Unit Cell Face Centered Cubic Unit Cell

Ch.11 - Solutions and Colloids

Solubility Rules Electrolytes Molality Parts per Million (ppm) Mole Fraction Solutions: Mass Percent Types of Aqueous Solutions Intro to Henry's Law Henry's Law Calculations The Colligative Properties Boiling Point Elevation Freezing Point Depression Osmosis Osmotic Pressure Vapor Pressure Lowering (Raoult's Law)

Ch.12 - Kinetics

Intro to Chemical Kinetics Energy Diagrams Catalyst Factors Influencing Rates Average Rate of Reaction Stoichiometric Rate Calculations Instantaneous Rate Collision Theory Arrhenius Equation Rate Law Reaction Mechanism Integrated Rate Law Half-Life

Ch.13 - Fundamental Equilibrium Concepts

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.14 - Acid-Base Equilibria

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Ionic Salts Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids

Ch.15 - Equilibria of Other Reaction Classes

Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Ksp

Ch.16 - Thermodynamics

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.17 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.18 - Representative Metals, Metalloids, and Nonmetals

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family DRAFT Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.19 - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

Ch.21 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

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