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Biology Principles of Life
Principles of Life

Principles of Life Hillis • 3rd Edition • 978-1319017712

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Ch.1 - Principles of Life

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - Life's Chemistry and the Importance of Water

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale Carbon Functional Groups

Ch.3 - Macromolecules

Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition

Ch.4 - Cell Structure and Membranes

Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Osmosis Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis Microscopes Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Endosymbiotic Theory Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.5 - Cell Metabolism: Synthesis and Degradation of Biological Molecules

Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics Chemical Reactions ATP Introduction to Metabolism Negative & Positive Feedback Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Stages of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Photorespiration C3, C4 & CAM Plants Review of Photosynthesis

Ch.6 - Cell Signals and Responses

Introduction to Cell Signaling Types of Cell Signaling Classes of Signaling Receptors Signal Amplification

Ch.7 - The Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Introduction to Cell Division Organization of DNA in the Cell Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer Genes & Alleles Homologous Chromosomes Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Genetic Variation During Meiosis Mitosis & Meiosis Review

Ch.8 - Inheritance, Genes, and Chromosomes

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Punnett Squares Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Punnett Square Probability Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance X-Inactivation

Ch.9 - DNA and Its Role in Heredity

The Griffith Experiment The Hershey-Chase Experiment Chargaff's Rules Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication DNA Repair Telomeres

Ch.10 - From DNA to Protein: Gene Expression

Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation Mutations

Ch.11 - Regulation of Gene Expression

Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch.12 - Genomes

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing Genomes

Ch.13 - Processes of Evolution

Descent with Modification Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.14 - Reconstructing and Using Phylogenies


Ch.15 - Evolution of Genes and Genomes

Developmental Biology Animal Development Plant Development

Ch.16 - Speciation


Ch.17 - The History of Life on Earth

History of Life on Earth

Ch.18 - Bacteria, Archaea, and Viruses

Viruses Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.19 - The Origin and Diversification of Eukaryotes

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.20 - The Evolution of Plants

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.21 - The Evolution and Diversity of Fungi

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.22 - Animal Origins and Diversity

Overview of Animals Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.23 - The Plant Body

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth

Ch.24 - Plant Nutrition and Transport

Water Potential Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.26 - Plant Growth and Development

Plant Development

Ch.26 - Reproduction of Flowering Plants

Flowers Seeds

Ch.27 - Plants in the Environment

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses

Ch.29 - Transformations of Energy and Matter: Nutrition, Temperature, and Homeostasis

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation Digestion Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.30 - Breathing and Circulation

Heart Physiology Gas Exchange Circulatory System Respiratory System

Ch.31 - Neurons, Sense Organs, and Nervous Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System Sensory System

Ch.32 - Control by the Endocrine and Nervous Systems

Endocrine System

Ch.33 - Muscle and Movement

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.34 - Animal Reproduction

Animal Reproduction

Ch.35 - Animal Development

Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.36 - Immunology: Animal Defense Systems

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.37 - Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior

Ch.38 - Ecological Systems in Time and Space


Ch.39 - Populations

Population Ecology

Ch.40 - Interactions within and among Species

Community Interactions

Ch.41 - Ecological Communities

Community Structure

Ch.42 - The Global Ecosystem

Ecosystems Conservation Biology

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