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Biology Biological Science
Biological Science

Biological Science Freeman • 6th Edition • 978-0321976499

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Ch.1 - Biology and the Tree of Life

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - Water and Carbon: Chemical Basis of Life

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale Carbon Functional Groups

Ch.3 - Protein Structure and Function

Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Proteins

Ch.4 - Nucleic Acids and the RNA World

Nucleic Acids

Ch.5 - An Introduction to Carbohydrates


Ch.6 - Lipids, membranes, and the First Cells

Lipids Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Osmosis Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Ch.7 - Inside the Cell

Microscopes Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Endosymbiotic Theory Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.8 - Energy and Enzymes

Introduction to Energy Laws of Thermodynamics Chemical Reactions ATP Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Introduction to Metabolism Negative & Positive Feedback

Ch.9 - Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration

Ch.10 - Photosynthesis

Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Stages of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Photorespiration C3, C4 & CAM Plants Review of Photosynthesis

Ch.11 - Cell-Cell Interactions

Introduction to Cell Signaling Types of Cell Signaling Classes of Signaling Receptors Signal Amplification

Ch.12 - The Cell Cycle

Introduction to Cell Division Organization of DNA in the Cell Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer

Ch.13 - Meiosis

Genes & Alleles Homologous Chromosomes Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Mitosis & Meiosis Review Genetic Variation During Meiosis

Ch.14 - Mendel and the Gene

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Punnett Squares Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Punnett Square Probability Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance X-Inactivation

Ch.15 - DNA and the Gene: Synthesis and Repair

The Griffith Experiment The Hershey-Chase Experiment Chargaff's Rules Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication Telomeres DNA Repair

Ch.16+17 - Transcription, RNA Processing, and Translation

Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation Mutations

Ch.18 - Control of Gene Expression in Bacteria

Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon

Ch.19 - Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes

Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch.20 - The Molecular Revolution: Biotechnology and Beyond

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing

Ch.21 - Genes, Development, and Evolution


Ch.22 - Evolution by Natural Selection

Descent with Modification

Ch.23 - Evolutionary Processes

Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.24 - Speciation


Ch.25 - Phylogenies and the History of Life

Phylogeny History of Life on Earth

Ch.26 - Bacteria and Archaea

Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.27 - Protists

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.28 - Green Algae and Land Plants

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.29 - Fungi

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.30 - An Introduction to Animals

Overview of Animals

Ch.31 - Protostome Animals

Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans

Ch.32 - Deuterostome Animals

Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.33 - Viruses


Ch.34 - Plant Form and Function

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth

Ch.35 - Water and Sugar Transport in Plants

Water Potential

Ch.36 - Plant Nutrition

Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.37 - Plant Sensory Systems, Signals, and Responses

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses

Ch.38 - Plant Reproduction and Development

Flowers Seeds Plant Development

Ch.39 - Animal Form and Function

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation

Ch.40 - Water and Electrolyte Balance

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.41 - Animal Nutrition

Digestion Blood Sugar Homeostasis

Ch.42 - Gas Exchange and Circulation

Circulatory and Respiratory Anatomy Heart Physiology Gas Exchange

Ch.43 - Animal Nervous Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Ch.44 - Animal Sensory Systems

Sensory System

Ch.45 - Animal Movement

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.46 - Chemical Signals in Animals

Endocrine System

Ch.47 - Animal Reproduction and Development

Animal Reproduction Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.48 - The Immune System in Animals

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.49 - An Introduction to Ecology


Ch.50 - Behavioral Ecology

Animal Behavior

Ch.51 - Population Ecology

Population Ecology

Ch.52 - Community Ecology

Community Interactions Community Structure

Ch.53 - Ecosystems and Global Ecology


Ch.54 - Biodiversity and Conservation Ecology

Conservation Biology

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